Training & Education
This online textbook by Goosse H., P.Y. Barriat, W. Lefebvre, M.F. Loutre and V. Zunz was initially compiled to be read by master students of physics. It is offered by the Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics Georges Lemaître of the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium, for public use.
A piece from NASA's programme for higher education. Read about physical properties of the ocean, about climate variability, the water and carbon cycles and El Niño.
En excerpt from the online text book "Essentials of Geology" by Stephen Marshak, published in 2001. The animation shows the effects of eccentricity, obliquity (tilt) and precession in a flash animation which includes explanatory texts. The full online book is available here.
An animated film about ocean acidification produced by a team of British school children.
NEMO (Nucleus for European Modelling of the Ocean) is a state-of-the-art modeling framework for oceanographic research, operational oceanography seasonal forecast and climate studies. NEMO is used by a large community: 240 projects in 27 countries (14 in Europe, 13 elsewhere), 350 registered users (numbers for year 2008). NEMO is available under CeCILL license (public license).
To gain access to the system, you need yo register.
The Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project was a project to coordinate and encourage the systematic study of atmospheric general circulation models (AGCMs) and to assess their ability to simulate large climate changes such as those that occurred in the distant past. Project goals included identifying common responses of AGCMs to imposed paleoclimate "boundary conditions," understanding the differences in model responses, comparing model results with paleoclimate data, and providing AGCM results for use in helping in the analysis and interpretation of paleoclimate data. PMIP initially focused on the mid-Holocene (6,000 years before present) and the Last Glacial Maximum (21,000 yr BP). One of the goals of PMIP was to determine which scientific results are model-dependent. The PMIP experiments were limited to studying the equilibrium response of the atmosphere (and such surface characteristics as snow cover) to changes in boundary conditions (e.g., insolation, ice-sheet distribution, CO2
PMIP 2 continued to stimulate development and improvement of paleo-environmental data sets. As in PMIP 1, analyses focused on both model-model and model-data comparisons. The project studied the role of climate feedbacks arising for the different climate subsystems (atmosphere, ocean, land surface, sea ice and land ice) and evaluated the capability of state of the art climate models to reproduce climate states that are radically different from those of today. Results from both coupled ocean-atmosphere models and ocean-atmosphere-vegetation models were considered in this second phase.
<font color="#000000">Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP)</font>
Started in 1995, CMIP provides a community-based infrastructure in support of climate model diagnosis, validation, intercomparison, documentation and data access.
Data (atmosphere, ocean, continent)
This Global Digital Elevation Model (GDEM) is the most detailed data set of continental elevations currently available to science. Based on the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), the NASA released the data in June 2009. The GDEM was created by processing and stereo-correlating the 1.3 million-scene ASTER archive of optical images, covering Earth's land surface between 83 degrees North and 83 degrees South latitudes. The GDEM is produced with 30-meter (98-feet) postings, and is formatted as 23,000 one-by-one- degree tiles. The GDEM is available for download from NASA's EOS data archive and free of charge.
The CMIP3 dataset is "the World Climate Research Programme's (WCRP's) Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 3 (CMIP3) multi-model dataset". Ten global climate models were compared, and the results included in the IPCC report IV. The data can be downloaded and used for scientific studies at this website, maintained by the Center for Climatic Research.
Quality-controlled observational data from past decades and the latest numerical assimilation and prediction technology were used to produce a long-term record of the state of the atmosphere. The reanalysis covers the 26-year period from 1979 to 2004, and provides consistent and high-quality data. The JRA-25 product is widely used for research on meteorology and climatology, as well as for operational climate monitoring and seasonal forecasting. Maps of annual, seasonal and monthly averaged climate fields of various meteorological variables from the JRA-25 products have been archived as the JRA-25 Atlas. The Atlas is free to be used for research and education.
The United States National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) delivers national and global weather, water, climate and space weather guidance. Some of their data can be visualised directly at this website. Linear Correlations in Atmospheric Seasonal/Monthly Averages from 1948 to 2009 can be downloaded here.
This data collection is maintained by Geert jan van Oldenborgh and includes detailed Dutch meteorological data from KNMI (Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute) but also other data sets. Registration is necessary for several applications.
Biogeosciences (BG) is an international scientific journal dedicated to the publication and discussion of research articles, short communications and review papers on all aspects of the interactions between the biological, chemical and physical processes in terrestrial or extraterrestrial life with the geosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere. The objective of the journal is to cut across the boundaries of established sciences and achieve an interdisciplinary view of these interactions. Experimental, conceptual and modelling approaches are welcome: Open Access – Public Peer-Review & Interactive Public Discussion – Personalized Copyright under a Creative Commons License.
Impact factor: 3,4 (2008).
Climate of the Past (CP) is an international scientific journal dedicated to the publication and discussion of research articles, short communications and review papers on the climate history of the Earth: Open Access – Public Peer-Review & Interactive Public Discussion – Personalized Copyright under a Creative Commons License.
Impact Factor: 2,5 (2008).
The articles published in this journal reflect the great impact made on research in the geosciences by the use of successful research methods from other disciplines such as chemistry, physics, and mathematics. It also covers research into all aspects of lunar studies, plate tectonics, ocean floor spreading, and continental drift, as well as basic studies of the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of the Earth's crust and mantle, the atmosphere and the hydrosphere.
Impact factor: 3,9 (2008).
Published since 1973 by the Geologocal Society of America, features rapid publication of about 23 refereed short (four-page) papers each month. Articles cover all earth-science disciplines and include new investigations and provocative topics. Professional geologists and university-level students in the earth sciences use this widely read journal to keep up with scientific research trends. The online forum section facilitates author-reader dialog. Includes color and occasional large-format illustrations on oversized loose inserts.
Impact factor: 3,9 (2008).
GRL is a Letters journal with limited manuscript size also publishing frontier articles (reviews) by invitation from Editors. GRL's mission is to disseminate concisely-written, high-impact research reports on major scientific advances in AGU disciplines, evaluating submissions by:High impact innovative results with broad geophysical implications at the forefront of one or several AGU disciplines; Results with immediate impact on the research of others and requiring rapid publication; Instrument or methods manuscript introducing an innovative technique that makes new science advance possible, with immediate applications to AGU disciplines.
Impact factor: 3,0 (2008)
GMD is an open access publication of the European Geosciences Union. It is an international scientific journal dedicated to the publication and public discussion of the description, development and evaluation of numerical models of the Earth System and its components. Manuscript types considered for peer-reviewed publication are: geoscientific model descriptions, from box models to General circulation models (GCMs); development and technical papers, describing development such as new parameterisations or technical aspects of running models such as the reproducibility of results; papers describing new standard experiments for assessing model performance, or novel ways of comparing model results with observational data; model intercomparison descriptions, including experimental details and project protocols. GMD has an innovative two-stage publication process involving the scientific discussion forum Geoscientific Model Development Discussions (GMDD).
This journal includes papers in the broad areas of global change involving the geosphere and biosphere. The journal focuses on research at large geographic scales. Marine, hydrologic, atmospheric, extraterrestrial, geologic, biologic, and human causes of and response to environmental change on time scales of tens, thousands, and millions of years are the purview of the journal. Impact Factor 4.3356 ranked #5 of 160 titles in Environmental Science, #2 of 51 titles in Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, and #2 of 137 titles in Geosciences in the 2007 Journal Citation Reports.
Impact factor: 4,1 (2008).
Nature Geoscience is committed to publishing significant, high-quality research in the Earth Sciences through a fair, rapid and rigorous peer review process that is overseen by a team of full-time professional editors. In addition to publishing primary research, Nature Geoscience provides an overview of the most important developments in the Earth Sciences through the publication of Review Articles, News and Views, Research Highlights, Commentaries and reviews of relevant books and arts events.
Impact factor: 1,5 (2008)
Quaternary Science Reviews includes, for example, geology, geomorphology, geography, archaeology, soil science, palaeobotany, palaeontology, palaeoclimatology and the full range of applicable dating methods. The dividing line between what constitutes the review paper and one which contains new original data is not easy to establish, so QSR also publishes papers with new data especially if these perform a review function. Quaternary Science Reviews includes Special Issues on topical subjects arising from recent scientific meetings.
Impact factor: 4.1 (in 2008).